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Ectropion is a condition where the lower eyelid turns outwards, causing the eye to become exposed and prone to irritation. This condition can lead to excessive tear production, redness, and discomfort, making it difficult to carry out daily activities. Ectropion can be caused by aging, eyelid scarring, or nerve damage and is more common in older adults. If left untreated, ectropion can lead to more serious eye problems, including corneal ulcers and infections.


  • Redness and irritation in the affected eye
  • Excessive tearing
  • Pain or discomfort in the eye
  • Dryness in the affected eye
  • Watery discharge from the eye
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty closing the eyelid completely

Potential Causes

Various factors contribute to its development, including aging and skin laxity, eyelid scarring, and muscle or nerve damage. Conditions such as Bell’s Palsy and facial nerve paralysis, along with a history of previous eyelid surgery, can also contribute. Additionally, tumors or growths on the eyelid, injuries or trauma to the eyelid, and congenital defects are implicated in the manifestation of ectropion.

The Procedure Details

During ectropion surgery, the eyelid is repositioned and tightened to prevent further exposure and irritation of the eye. The surgery can be performed using a local anesthetic and typically takes 30 to 60 minutes. The exact steps depend on the severity and cause of ectropion. After surgery, you may experience mild swelling, bruising, and discomfort, but these symptoms subside within a few days. Most patients return to normal activities within a week, but complete healing takes several weeks.


Entropion is when the eyelid turns inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea. This can lead to eye irritation, pain, redness, and tearing. The condition can also increase the risk of corneal ulcers and infections. Entropion can be caused by various factors, including aging, muscle weakness, and eyelid scarring. Treatment options for entropion can range from eye drops and ointments to surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.


  • Irritation and pain in the affected eye
  • Redness in the affected eye
  • Tearing and excessive discharge from the eye
  • Watery eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty opening the eye fully

Potential Causes

Several factors contribute to its occurrence, including aging and skin laxity, muscle weakness or nerve damage, and eyelid scarring. Conditions such as Bell’s Palsy, facial nerve paralysis, and a history of previous eyelid surgery may also contribute. Tumors or growths on the eyelid, eyelid injuries or trauma, congenital defects, and certain neurological disorders with associated eyelid spasms further contribute to the development of entropion.

The Procedure Details

Entropion surgery is a procedure to correct the inward turning of the eyelid. The surgery typically takes 30 to 60 minutes. The procedure involves repositioning and tightening the affected eyelid to prevent it from turning inward. After the surgery, you may experience mild swelling, bruising, and discomfort, but these symptoms subside within a few days. Most patients can return to normal activities within a week, with complete healing and improvement taking several weeks.

Schedule Your Consultation With Dr. Braunstein

If you’re experiencing symptoms of ectropion or entropion, schedule a consultation with Dr. Alexandra Braunstein. As a specialist in oculofacial plastic surgery, Dr. Braunstein has the knowledge and expertise to diagnose and treat various eyelid conditions, including ectropion and entropion. During your consultation, Dr. Braunstein will perform a comprehensive eye examination and discuss your medical history to determine an appropriate treatment plan. Don’t let eyelid conditions affect your quality of life — schedule your consultation today.

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